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How will graphene revolutionize the 21st century?

Science has never stopped bringing up the most unimaginable and astonishing news to the world. We will discuss something similar in this article.

You may or may not have heard about graphene before. Although the concept and theoretical explanations of this substance appeared as early as 1940’s but, for many researchers, this all was very unrealistic. It was very difficult to accept that something as thin as a single graphite layer or something which may be considered as two-dimensional can exist in reality. However, recent experiments and ongoing research has proved some unexpected facts about graphene. It not only exists as a stable element but it also has the most unusual properties. This makes it the strongest and the best conductor of heat and electricity ever discovered.

The amazing properties of graphene discovered up till now have convinced a large majority of scientists that this substance can give a completely new shape to the scientific and technological world. This especially applies to electronics, where we can find numerous possibilities emerging to turn the ‘dream’ gadgets into reality. Let us now have a look on a few developments which are most likely to take place with the use of graphene.

1. Flexible touch-screens
Graphene is a flexible, light-weight yet extremely strong substance. Further, its high conductivity makes it perfect for use in electronics and other microcircuits. This can be applied in making flexible touch-screens which may allow the invention of new types of computers. How about a flexible smartphone which can easily be rolled to decrease the size? Such researches definitely lead to thought-provoking results.

2. Conductive Plastics
Again here, we can use the size and strength of graphene as an advantage to combine it with other materials. We can relate this with the concept of alloy which is a mixture of different metals. Similar to the way we mix metals to make alloys, graphene, being the best conductor of electricity, can be combined with plastic to make ‘conductive plastics.’ Such composite materials can replace metals in many cases. A good example is of aircraft. The metallic body can be replaced with a graphene-plastic mixture. It will make the aircraft lighter and more fuel efficient.

3. Electrochemical Advancements
When talking about electronics and circuits, electrochemical is something which can be directly linked. There is a lot to research and discover in this field, thus graphene can help boost that progress. As graphite and carbon electrodes are commonly used in many batteries and other electrochemical products, graphene can act as a much better electrode than anything else. This can be used to enhance battery life and efficiency of other similar electrochemical processes.

Above are only a few ideas which may be used to revolutionize the 21st century with graphene. It must be kept in mind that further research may open endless possibilities which can turn this world to nothing less than that found in science-fiction stories.

Keywords: graphene, graphene oxide


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